किसानों द्वारा आत्महत्या क्यों ! ये है तस्वीर आत्म-निर्भर भारत की


क्या कभी सोचा कि किसानो द्वारा आत्महत्या क्यों कि जा रही है !

क्योंकि किसी सोची समझी शाजिश के अंतर्गत , हिन्दुस्तान में , किसानों व् खेती के खिलाफ निती बनाती है सरकार . 

किसानों को उनकी फसल का अच्छा मूल्य मिलने लगता है , तभी विदेशों से वही चीज सस्ते मूल्यों पर माँगा कर , उसके दाम गिरा दिए जाते हैं . 
जैसे दालों के अच्छे दाम किस्सनों को मिल सकते हैं , पर विदेशों से आयात कर के उनके दाम नीचे कर दिए जाते हैं . 

क्या क्या अग्री प्रोडक्ट आयात किये जाते हैं ये नीचे देखें . 

यदि यहाँ किसी चीज का उत्पादन , मांग से अधिक हो जाये तो उसका निर्यात रोक कर उस फसल को सड़ने के लिए छोड़ दिया जाता है .  जिसे अभी प्याज कि अच्छी फसल है , विदेशों में अच्च्ची कीमत है , पर उसको बहार नहीं भेजने देंगे. 

अच्छा होता इन चीजों पर आयात शुक्ल लगा कर , उस पैसे से किसानो की सहायता की जाती. 

ये है तस्वीर आत्म-निर्भर भारत की 

Following are the major items of Agriculture import into India:

Edible Oils: India is the largest importer of edible oils in the world. Its oil import basket includes rdb palmolien, crude palm oil, crude soya (degum) oil and crude sunflower oil. The palm oil is imported from Indonesia and Malaysia, the two largest producers of palm in the world. State Trading Corporation too imported bulk quantity of palm oil in 2008 to distribute it in pds (public distribution system) at subsidised prices. The soya oil is imported mainly from Argentina and Brazil who are one of the largest producer of soybean and big exporter of soy oil and soymeal to the world market. Russia, Ukraine & Argentina are the major suppliers of sunflower oil. Though India too is a producer of sunflower seed, these countries have surplus production to export the seeds as well as its oil.

Pulses: The pulses are grown in India on large scale but yet not enough to feed its population so the country has to import pulses in bulk quantities from Burma, Canada, Australia, Tanzania, Kenya, France, USA, China, Russia, Pakistan etc. Many varieties of pulses are imported to meet the different consumption culture of the people of such hugely populated country. Toor, Yellow peas, green peas, garbanzo beans, green mung beans, yellow gram, kidney beans, black mapte, black eye beans, lentils and many other different types of peas, beans and lentils are imported.

Wheat: Though India was one of the supplier of high quality wheat to the international buyers, the shortfall in its local production and increase in the demand has forced it to ban its export and meet the demand-supply gap with imports. The wheat is imported by private companies mainly to sell in open market and as well to flour mills. The import by state trading corporation is for public distribution and to create the buffer stock to meet the emergencies. The duty on the import of wheat is nil. With the change in the consumption pattern in Southern states of India, the demand for wheat has gone up. The people in South mainly use to eat more of rice but with changing demand scenario the wheat import was necessary to meet the local requirement.

Cashew: The one of the biggest agriculture import of India is of cashew. The raw cashews are imported in bulk quantities from African and Far eastern region and processed and re-exported to US, Canada, Europe, Gulf, Other Asian countries etc. The import purpose of cashew is mainly re-export only.

Spices: India is known as the land of spices and the people are known to like spicy food. There are many spices which are either not produced in India or produced in limited quantities, so to meet their requirements the nation has to import varieties of spices to meet the local demand. Sometimes there is vast price difference in local prices and international prices so the spices are imported and their value addtions are re-exported. The country imports pepper, cardamom, ginger, turmeric, coriander, mustard, poppy seed, garlic, clove, nutmeg, mace, cassia, star anise, asafoetide etc. India has duty free agreement with Sri Lanka, the one of the major producer of spices to India. Besides it, Madagascar, Vietnam, Bulgaria, Syria, China etc. are spice producers.

Fresh Fruits and vegetables: The standard of living of Indian population has gone high so the demand for exotic varieties of fruits and vegetables too has increased leading to their imports into the country which are continuously on the rise.

Processed Food Products: The demand for processed food items have shown considerable jump with the changing consumption pattern of urban class. U.S., Europe and Gulf are major suppliers of this items to the Indian market.


No comments: